The Birthing Creche was a program established by the Coalition of Ordered Governments to put members of the female populace into a series of breeding farms, facilities where they’d be impregnated in order to repopulate the Human race.
Following astronomical losses suffered upon the outbreak of the Locust War, the COG Chairman, Richard Prescott, was forced to establish the Birthing Creche program alongside the other provisions brought forth by the COG for the war effort. Under the Fortification Act, all males were placed in the Armed Services and women in "war work", which often consisted of non-combatant roles such as pilots, medics, or factory workers. The majority of the women and girls who did not participate in the aforementioned roles, but were able to be impregnated, would (both voluntarily and otherwise) be sent into the ”farms”.
Women in the Birthing Creche were given extra rations over a non serving male, and doctors gave young girls hormones at age ten so they could begin menstruation. The women would be impregnated by artificial insemination or sexual intercourse. Ideally, the goal was to have the women become pregnant with genetically strong offspring, and the women in the farms were often partnered with Gears.
The system was far from perfect, however, as the farms proved to be hostile and abusive environments towards the women, such as the farm in Jilane. The farms would be liken to prison facilities in stock, and rape by the farms’ staff would be a common occurrence. Women would even be “offered” to the most decorated Gears, and go under artificial insemination forcefully. The abuse lead many of the women traumatized, like Molly, and, to a lesser extent, Alexandra Brand. Women who were found to be unable to get pregnant (“barren”) would be sent away to combat roles or some other way to contribute to the war effort.